After Breast Cancer
If a breast has been removed or disfigured due to breast cancer, there are several surgical techniques that can be used to reconstruct the breast:
- Flap technique uses donor sites, such as the abdomen, back or buttocks to form a natural breast shape.
- Breast implants are used to shape the new breast.
- Breast tissue expansion involves stretching the skin. To accomplish this, a medical device called a balloon expander is inserted under the skin, near the area that will be reconstructed. Periodically, this balloon is filled with saline solution, which slowly causes the skin to stretch.
- Nipple and areola reconstruction is made possible by skin grafting and tattooing, which provides areola color.
- TRAM Flap Breast Reconstruction is a procedure that is also known as transverse rectus abdominus musculocutaneous flap. It uses muscle, fat and skin from your abdomen to reconstruct the breast.