Interventional Cardiology is the branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter-based treatment of structural heart diseases. Our team of highly skilled and experienced cardiologists perform thousands of Cath Lab procedures each year. These procedures can include:
Cardiac catheterization is performed to further evaluate structural heart diseases. In cadiac cath, a small hollow tube (catheter) is moved from a blood vessel in the groin or arm through the aorta into the heart. The catheter may measure pressure within the chambers or move into coronary arteries and inject a contrast dye. Fluoroscopy (a special type of X-ray) or intravascular ultrasound may be used to take a better look at blockages in the arteries.
Cardiac catheterization may be performed to assist diagnosis of:
The goal of angioplasty is often to open blood vessels and increase blood flow to the heart. The procedure is performed when arteries become narrowed or blocked with plaque. In angioplasty, a catheter is inserted into the artery. Most often, stents (expandable tubes) are placed to keep the artery open.
Atherectomy is a treatment similar to angioplasty. A cutting device is used in an atherectomy to remove plaque buildup from the artery wall. It is performed to open up narrowed arteries and increase blood flow. Atherectomies can make it easier for a physician to place a stent (expandable tube) in the artery to keep it open.