Explore Treatment Options for Depression in Williamsport, PA
Depression is a disorder that may affect a person’s mood, thoughts and physical functions. The signs of depression are different than those for being being sad or unhappy. It is not a sign of personal weakness, or a condition that can be willed away. Left untreated, depression symptoms can last for weeks, months or years. Nearly 19 million Americans have some form of depressive illness during any one year.
UPMC provides a caring and understanding environment to help patients of all ages find the care they need.
Types of Depression
Depression may be experienced in several forms. The following are the most prevalent types of depressive disorders:
- Bipolar disorder (manic-depression). A chronic, recurring condition that includes cycles of depression and elation (or mania).
- Dysthymia. A long-term, chronic condition with symptoms that don’t disable a person, but keep them from functioning at full capacity or from feeling good. People with dysthymia may also have episodes of major depression.
- Major depression. A combination of symptoms that limit the ability to work, eat, sleep and enjoy activities that were once pleasurable. These episodes may occur once, twice or several times in a lifetime.
- Postpartum depression. A mood disorder that can affect women after childbirth, characterized by feelings of anxiety, extreme sadness, and exhaustion.
Signs of Depression
At UPMC, our skilled behavioral health doctors provide consultations to evaluate the depression symptoms in patients of all ages. Generally, symptoms of depression include ongoing feelings of sadness, hopelessness, helplessness and irritability.
The most common signs of depression include:
- Decreased energy or fatigue
- Feelings of hopelessness or pessimism
- Feelings of inappropriate guilt
- Feelings of worthlessness
- Inability to concentrate or think, indecisiveness
- Loss of interest and pleasure in formerly enjoyed activities
- Noticeable change in sleeping patterns, such as fitful sleep, inability to sleep, early morning awakening, or sleeping too much
- Noticeable change of appetite, with either significant weight loss not attributable to dieting, or weight gain
- Persistent feelings of hopelessness
- Persistent sad, anxious, or "empty" mood
- Recurring thoughts of death or suicide, wishing to die, or attempting suicide (Note: Individuals with this symptom should receive treatment immediately.)
- Restlessness, irritability
Another depression symptom, melancholia (overwhelming feeling of sadness and grief), may be accompanied by the following:
- Disturbed thinking — for example, severely depressed people sometimes have beliefs not based in reality about physical disease, sinfulness, or poverty
- Feeling more depressed in the morning
- Moving significantly more slowly
- Physical symptoms, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain
- Waking at least two hours earlier than normal in the morning
Treatment for depression will depend on a wide range of individual factors, such as your age, medical history and personal preferences. After evaluating your symptoms, your doctor may recommend medication, psychotherapy or cognitive therapy. A combination of therapy and medication may be suggested to help improve outcomes.
UPMC provides for the mental health and well-being of our communities, offering complete care for depression in Williamsport, PA, and the surrounding areas.