Early Cancer Detection
Finding cancer at its earliest stage can increase your cure rate. Doctors can slow, stop, and often remove most cancers in its early stages, lowering their chance to metastasize (spread) to other organs in your body. But, how do you detect cancer when it begins?
Our providers can detect cancer early with:
- Gynecology exams
- Prostate exams
- Lung screenings
Know Your Risk
If you have a history of cancer in your family, you may be at a higher risk for developing cancer. Studies do not show that cancer can be inherited but presence of certain genes can increase the risk.
Smoking, a high-fat diet, and excess sun exposure can damage cells and cause cancer to develop. Learn how you can prevent lifestyle risks.
Certain viral exposures can increase your chances of developing cancer, though cancer itself is not contagious. Other environmental exposures that occur in the workplace, such as chemicals and toxins involved in painting, construction, farming and the chemical industry, may increase your risk.
Yearly Screenings & Self-Examinations
When your yearly physical or checkup comes around, be sure to schedule your cancer screenings, as well. Exactly what screenings you should have, and how often, depends on your age and risk factors. Most children and teens won't need a cancer screening. Ask your doctor to find out what cancer screenings you should have for your unique set of factors. Common screenings for most patients include:
If you're over the age of 20, you should begin self-breast examinations yearly and schedule physician breast examinations every three years. After age 40, yearly mammograms are highly suggested. Find out more about breast health screenings. Frequency varies based on personal risk and history. Talk to your primary care provider.
A Pap test is recommended routinely for women under 30 years old. After age 30, doctors generally recommend a Pap test every three years, but some may encourage more frequent tests based on medical history and other risk factors.
Yearly rectal examinations and a PSA (protein-specific antigen) blood test are recommended for men over the age of 50.
UPMC provides a wide range of cancer screenings for early detection of cancer in Williamsport, Wellsboro, Coudersport, and the surrounding areas of PA.