Performing Sigmoidoscopy in Williamsport, PA
Sigmoidoscopy is a diagnostic procedure utilized to examine the lower third of the large intestine (known as the sigmoid colon). The procedure might have been recommended by your doctor in order to evaluate identified problems or symptoms, such as diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation, abnormal growths and bleeding.
It provides direct visualization to evaluate, diagnose and treat polyps, tumors, inflammation, pouches, narrowing and hemorrhoids. During the procedure, your physician can also take a biopsy of abnormalities, if needed. Sigmoidoscopy is also a colorectal cancer screening alternative.
If you would like to learn more about sigmoidoscopy in Williamsport, PA, please call 570-321-3454 to make an appointment. For a direct referral for endoscopy, please call 570-321-3331. Visit our Digestive Disease Center at UPMC Williamsport.
Why Sigmoidoscopy Is Performed
Your doctor may recommend a sigmoidoscopy to evaluate certain digestive symptoms, such as:
- Abdominal pain
- Abnormal growth
Depending on your condition, the doctor may request specific preparations involving diet, medication and preparing your bowels. Generally, you will need to empty your bowels an hour before the sigmoidoscopy. Before the procedure you will meet with the doctor and caregiver team as they will review your history, discuss the procedure and answer any questions you might have. In most cases, anesthesia or sedatives are not required.
How It Works
Your doctor will ask you to lie on your left side with your knees bent toward your chest. Before beginning, your doctor will gently examine the rectum for blockage. Then a short, flexible, lighted tube called a sigmoidoscope is inserted into the intestine through your rectum and into the lower large intestine.
Air is injected through the scope to inflate the intestine to allow for a better view. Sigmoidoscopy offers better visualization so your doctor can diagnose issues and symptoms. You might experience mild bloating or cramping. When the exam is over and samples have been taken, if needed, the physician will slowly withdraw the scope.
What to Expect After a Sigmoidoscopy
When the sigmoidoscopy is complete, take your time getting up from the table to avoid dizziness. You may resume normal activity and diet unless instructed otherwise by your physician. If a biopsy or polyp removal was performed, you may experience small amounts of blood in a bowel movement. Gas pains are normal after this procedure and should ease with movement. Your doctor will inform you of the results and identify options for treatment if needed.
UPMC is dedicated to performing quality procedures, like a sigmoidoscopy, to help patients achieve better digestive health in Williamsport, PA, and the surrounding areas.