Find Compassionate Care for Menopause
Menopause is a natural, biological stage in every woman's life. It is signaled when a mature woman stops having her menstrual period. This stage of life is significant, as it marks the end of a woman’s ability to have children.
To learn more about how to manage the symptoms of menopause, Find a Provider at UPMC .
Symptoms of Menopause
In the U.S., the average onset of menopause symptoms appear at age 51.
Menopause typically has three stages:
Symptoms during perimenopause may be more subtle than those during menopause, and can include premenstrual irregularity, changes in sexual function and mood changes. Once menopause arrives, symptoms may become more pronounced.
Menopause symptoms include:
- Hot flashes (mild to severe, depending on the woman)
- Skipped or irregular periods
- Mood swings
- Joint and muscle aches
- Libido changes
- Vaginal dryness
- Bladder control problems
- Racing heart
- Intermittent dizziness
- Hair growth or decline
Postmenopause occurs after menopause. At this stage, the hot flashes that plague so many women tend to ease up.
Causes of Menopause
A woman is born with a certain amount of eggs, which are stored in the ovaries. During menopause, a woman’s ovaries usually stop releasing eggs and making estrogen. Menopause is a normal part of aging that usually occurs after the age of 40. Menopause before 40 is called premature menopause. Some unnatural factors––like a hysterectomy, surgery or chemotherapy which damages the ovaries––can lead to premature menopause.
Premature menopause can also be caused by:
- Premature ovarian failure
- The surgical removal of ovaries for medical reasons
- Undergoing a hysterectomy procedure
- Certain genetic factors or autoimmune diseases
Menopause also increases your risk for other medical conditions, such as:
- Heart and blood vessel disease
- Urinary incontinence
- Sexual function
- Weight gain
Treatment and Prevention of Menopause
Treatment for menopause depends on several factors, such as age, overall health, medical history and current symptoms.
The following therapies can help you manage your menopause symptoms:
- Hormone therapy
- Estrogen therapy
- Non-hormonal treatment
- Estrogen alternatives
- Alternative therapies
- Low-dose antidepressants
- Medications to prevent or treat osteoporosis, or any other medical conditions that may accompany your menopause
At UPMC, our providers are passionate about helping women with menopause lead healthy lives.