Explore Tests & Procedures for Better Gynecological Health
Healthcare providers use a variety of methods to treat problems of the female reproductive tract. Gynecology tests and procedures are used to decrease pain, improve function and detect or treat disease.
Gynecologic conditions we treat include:
It’s important that women go through a series of screening tests and procedures to ensure optimal health. At UPMC, our physicians are knowledgeable about the variety of tests and treatments that can help improve gynecological health.
Pap tests (screenings to check for cervical cancer and other abnormalities) are recommended every other year for women between the ages of 21 and 30. Women 30 years and older can be tested once every three years, providing they have had three consecutive pap tests with normal results. Additional or more frequent screenings may be suggested by your provider if you are at high risk for cervical cancer and other diseases.
Gynecologic surgery is performed on the female reproductive system. Physicians may turn to gynecological surgery if medications and non-invasive treatments cannot help relieve symptoms of gynecologic conditions.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of a woman's uterus. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic hysterectomy uses a computer to control the surgical instruments during the surgery. The surgeon controls the movements of the computer from a computer station in the operating room. The surgeon is able to control the robot's movements steadily and precisely, enabling him or her to get into tiny spaces more easily and have a better view of the operation than with conventional laparoscopic surgery. This procedure continues to be researched to improve the technique.
A myomectomy is a type of surgical procedure that removes uterine fibroids. The goal of a myomectomy procedure is to remove only the fibroids but leave the uterus intact. The procedure can help ease fibroid symptoms, including heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pressure.
Ovarian cystectomy is a procedure for those benign conditions of the ovary in which a cyst can be removed and when you and your doctor deem it desirable to leave a functional ovary in place. This is particularly true in women who are still in their child bearing years.
Oophorectomy, in contrast, refers to the removal of the ovary. This is a surgical procedure where only one or both of the ovaries are removed. Most often, an oophorectomy is performed in conjunction with a hysterectomy; however, it can be performed without a hysterectomy if the case dictates.
Single-site robotic assisted surgery is performed with one incision and virtually scarless.
One incision through the belly button results in:
- A small, single incision for virtually scarless surgery externally and internally
- Less pain
- Less blood loss
- Shorter hospital stay (same-day surgery)
- Low rate of complications
- Shorter recovery times
- High patient satisfaction
Other procedures specific to women experiencing problems with menstruation and menopause or with abnormal pain and discomfort include:
- Cervical biopsy
- Dilation & curettage
- Endometrial ablation
- Laparoscopic hysterectomy
- Pelvic floor reconstruction
- Pelvic ultrasound
- Uterine artery embolization
At UPMC, our surgeons use the da Vinci® Surgical System, providing patients with less pain and quicker recovery times.Call (570) 321-3300 for more information about our gynecology services.