Explore Treatment Options for Lyme Disease
Lyme disease is a bacterial infection caused by the organism Borrelia burgdorferi. Most often acquired through a tick bite, Lyme disease is the most common tick-borne illness in the U.S. and Europe. The name comes from the Connecticut community where the first human cases were identified.
If you or a loved one has the symptoms of Lyme disease, meet with a skilled provider at UPMC Susquehanna. To receive the care you need, Find a Provider.
Lyme Disease Symptoms
There are three stages to Lyme disease. Signs and symptoms of the early stages, which appear between one to four weeks after exposure, are not always felt or noticed.
Early symptoms of Lyme infection may include:
- A round or oval red rash, sometimes like a bullseye. It can be quite small or widespread.
- Itching around the bite
- Warmth around the bite
- Body aches
- Swollen lymph nodes
The signs and symptoms of the middle stage, four to six weeks after the tick bite, may include:
- Poor coordination
- Memory loss
- Difficulty concentrating
- Irregular heartbeat
- Abnormally slow heartbeat
- Meningitis, with stiff neck and severe headache
- Bell’s palsy, with paralysis of the muscles in your face
Six months after the bite, you may experience:
- Numbness in your limbs
- Blurry vision and other neurologic symptoms
- Pain or tingling in your limbs
Lyme Disease Causes
To contract Lyme disease, an infected tick must bite you. The bacteria enter your skin through the bite and eventually make their way into your bloodstream. In most cases, a tick must be attached to your skin for 36 to 48 hours to transmit Lyme disease.
To prevent a Lyme disease infection, use insect repellant and remove ticks as soon as possible.
Lyme Disease Treatment at UPMC Susquehanna
Antibiotics commonly used for oral treatment include the following:
- Cefuroxime axetil
The infectious disease physicians at UPMC Susquehanna specialize in recognizing the symptoms of Lyme disease. To determine which courses of treatment may work best, speak with a doctor at UPMC Susquehanna.