What is Glaucoma?
Symptoms of Glaucoma
Most types of glaucoma do not have any symptoms until significant vision loss has already occurred. Therefore, it is often not caught until the optic nerve has been significantly damaged. The extent of the symptoms will often vary based on the type and degree of glaucoma present.
- Patchy blind spots in your vision
- In the advanced stages, you may experience tunnel vision.
Acute angle-closure glaucoma:
- Eye pain
- Blurred vision
- Nausea and Vomitting
- Halos around lights
- Eye redness
If left untreated, glaucoma will often result, eventually, in blindness. With appropriate treatment, the rate of future progression of vision loss from glaucoma can be significantly slowed, often to the point where no further, clinically significant vision loss from the glaucoma will occur.
Causes of Glaucoma
Glaucoma is the result of damage to the optic nerve. It is not perfectly clear why but this damage is usually, though not always, caused by increased pressure in the eye. This elevated eye pressure is caused by a buildup of the fluid that flows through the eye. The buildup up of the internal eye fluid is usually caused by an impairment in the internal outflow channels of the eye.
UPMC offers comprehensive Ophthalmology services in Williamsport, PA.