What is a concussion?
A concussion is a form of a traumatic brain injury resulting from a blow, bump, or jolt to the head or body, a fall, or other injury which causes the brain to move rapidly back and forth. These rapid movements can cause changes in the brain, and at times, stretching and injuring brain cells.
Concussions can present differently in every person. Common signs and symptoms may include:
- Memory and/or attention problems
- Changes in mood and/or personality
- Sleep disturbances
- Visual disturbances
- Balance problems
- Light and noise sensitivity
Possible Concussion Protocol
Diagnosis of a concussion after an injury incorporates a detailed evaluation including follow-up ImPACT and other neurocognitive exams and assessments. Diagnostic imaging such as a CT scan or MRI may also be performed to rule out a more serious condition. No athlete should return to play until cleared by a licensed physician comfortable with current concussion management principles.
Did you know?
- 80% of concussions resolve on their own within three weeks post-injury.
- Children, adolescents, and adults exhibiting post-concussion symptoms more than three weeks post-injury should follow-up with a physician trained in the management of concussions.
- Referral to therapy services for management and rehabilitation may be warranted.
UPMC offers a comprehensive multidisciplinary team to aid in the assessment and management of concussions. The team includes:
- Sports medicine physicians
- Athletic trainers
- Physical therapists
- Occupational therapists
- Speech therapists
Ensuring the safe return to athletic activities is achieved through a structured “return to play” protocol. We also work with the athlete to ensure a productive “return to learn” environment in the school setting.
To schedule an appointment, ask your healthcare provider for a referral or call:
Sports Medicine - (570) 321-2020
Williamsport - (570) 321-2605
Muncy - (570) 546-4291